The thyroid gland can be exposed to radiation in a variety of medical settings. During fluoroscopic treatments, thyroid shields are often used in conjunction with lead aprons. X-ray imaging, CT scans, fluoroscopy, and dental x-rays are among the common applications for thyroid shields.
Thyroid shields and collars are intended to keep thyroid glands clean and secured from radiation. When working in medical environments, it is critical to understand radiation protection.
What Is a Thyroid Shield?
A thyroid guard often called a thyroid shield, is a lead collar that fits across your neck to safeguard you from X-ray image processing radioactivity.
When Radiation Protection Thyroid Shield Should Be Used?
When taking intraoral radiographs with circular collimation on people under the age of 30 years, a thyroid collar may be necessary” (RPII, 2011). Shielding is recommended by the European Commission (EC) when the thyroid is “quite close to” the X-ray beam (EC 2004, 2012).
Keep in mind that not all radiation-based applications necessitate the use of thyroid shields; this is dependent on a number of circumstances. Keep ALARA principles in mind when considering whether or not to wear a thyroid shield.
To keep medical staff safe when working with radiation, the ALARA (As-Low-As-Reasonably-Achievable) principles were devised.
Time, distance, and shielding are the three key issues addressed by ALARA concepts. Consider how much time your employees are exposed to radiation, the distance between them and the source of radiation, and whether or not the shielding equipment is enough.
Wearing adequate radiation protection gear is suggested for medical workers who work with radiation often.
Types of Thyroid Shields:
Thyroid collars with lead and non-lead shields are offered. The basic protection of 0.5mm Pb Equivalency is provided by the New Style Lead Thyroid Collar. This latex-free lead thyroid collar has a hook and loop fastening on the back. The Xenolite NonLead Thyroid Collar is portable, recyclable, and non-hazardous to dispose of.
This thyroid collar is free of lead and has a velcro fastening. You can check different types of thyroid shields here: https://barriertechnologies.com/secure-shield-pads-drapes/
The Disposable Barium Thyroid Shields are developed to provide maximum patient protection while minimizing patient discomfort. They’re also great for CT scans, dental radiography, and any other operation that uses X-Ray radiation.
When used during CT and general X-ray exams, the Disposable Barium Sulfate Thyroid Shield reduced the dosage by more than 60% from 50 kVp to 150 kVp.
Importantly, the disposable shields are low-cost, can be disposed of in a conventional hospital waste system, and avoid cross-infection and hazard. This is beneficial to any institution searching for a cost-effective way to preserve their patients’ thyroids while also delivering superior thyroid protection than other ways.
How radiation protection thyroid shields can protect you?
Thyroid shields are the most effective technique to reduce the risk of thyroid cancer during operations that include radiation exposure. The following are some of the reasons why you should use a thyroid shield for radiation protection.
Scatter Radiation is a danger to physicians who are not properly protected.
According to the American Thyroid Association (ATA), an “increase in the use of diagnostic x-rays, particularly CT, demands thyroid gland protection” in order to reduce the danger of thyroid cancer. When calculating this danger, it is also crucial to consider repeated exposure to radiation over one’s lifetime, and physicians who perform these operations without sufficient shielding are at risk from scatter radiation.
According to the findings of the ATA, evaluating the benefits of thyroid shielding is a realistic and timely method to reevaluate how healthcare workers might safeguard themselves in the future.
Protection From Radiation Exposure:
Thyroid shields are an important precaution for physicians doing radiologic treatments to avoid exposure. Wearing thyroid shielding complies with radiation protection regulations, which also include the amount of time spent exposed and the distance between the radiologist and the radiation source.
When it comes to patient safety, thyroid shielding is also important. Disposable thyroid shields are one of the various alternatives for patient protection.
Thyroid shielding is strongly suggested each time the thyroid is in the line of, or very close to, the main beam, according to the European Commission for Guidelines on Radiation Protection.
When operating with high amounts of radiation, the thyroid gland is a delicate organ that should be carefully safeguarded. It’s critical to limit possible exposure to radiation and choose the right kind of cover.